To start, define the problem or situation as best you can and brief those who are taking part. A group of half a dozen or so is ideal.
Imagine that an alien spaceship has landed on earth and the aliens are looking at your problem or the object that you have described. Next try to imagine what sort of questions the aliens would be asking, what would they be curious about? Many of the checklist techniques can provide some guidance here. A possible list could be:
- What is the purpose of this?
- How does it work?
- Why does it have to be this way?
- Why do these earthlings use these materials?
- Is it useful to me?
- Can I eat it?
- Why does this matter, and to whom?
- Is it worth any money?
- Is there any other value?
- Could it be used for .....?
The questions may throw up some ideas which indicate that the original starting point was flawed. If this is the case then revisit the problem definition stage of the creative problem solving process. If some common themes emerge then record these and use them as random stimuli for further excursions or use a form of association to group some of themes to see if they suggest further options, choices or ideas.